Storing Linens in a Hospital

Clean and sterile linens, changed frequently, can create the baseline of infection control at any major health care facility, but creating a proper linen care policy does not happen by accident. A hospital administrator needs to establish and enforce strict policies for storing bedding and other cloth in the hospital, whether soiled or clean.

Soiled Linens

Staff members tasked with the removal of soiled linens should be trained in the proper removal and handling of dirty sheets, towels and washcloths. While at home it may be no big deal to shake sheets out to find wayward socks, hospital staff need to be reminded that virtually every patient is a potential source of infection. Staff members should wear gloves whenever handling soiled bedding, and it should be folded toward the middle so that any contaminants in the sheets remain there.

Once the soiled bedding is collected, it should be placed in clearly marked carts or in bags which can then be closed, preventing infectious material and odors from the linens from permeating the area.

Soiled linens should then be pretreated with stain remover as necessary and placed in a loosely loaded washing machine. Stuffing as many sheets as possible into the washer is a good way to prevent cleanliness. They should be washed in hot water and detergent for a minimum of 10 minutes at 105 degrees Fahrenheit before being dried in dryers that reach a minimum of 160 degrees.

Clean Linens

Clean linens should be handled by staff members also wearing gloves to prevent them from transferring contaminants. Clean linens should be folded in an area separate from the handling area for soiled linens. Once folded, the bedding must be placed in clean laundry bags or on covered laundry carts for transporting to proper storage areas.

Unlike a home linen closet which typically gets cleaned during spring and fall cleaning or when things start tumbling down, hospital linen storage areas should be sanitized and sterilized often, preferably at least once a week. Clean linens should be kept in orderly stacks in the linen storage facility and removed only as needed. For transport between the linen storage area and the site where they are needed, clean linens should be kept on a linen cart which is sterilized daily. The cart should be kept covered.

The recommendations for hospital linen storage help prevent the spread of infectious disease and can easily be met by a professional linen service. A professional linen service can be contracted to maintain the cleanliness of the hospital’s linen storage area as well as providing clean and sanitized linens. Professional linen services can provide proper storage and delivery of hospital linens as well as inventory and linen maintenance.

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Things To Keep In Mind While Designing A Hospital Logo

Hospital services are increasing and becoming like any other corporate business day by day therefore a hospital logo should be managed like any other corporate identity.

Hospital logo design is the best way to represent the healthcare services you intend to provide to your target audience.

It is the graphic representation of your hospitals identity. By looking at the logo your target audience gets an idea of your professionalism and expertise. What things should be kept in mind while designing a hospital logo?

• What’s the hospital mission and for whom are you designing the logo for?

The first thing you should be very clear is what is the mission of the hospital? Is it providing services to the under privileged or is targeting the elites of the society.

For instance if you are targeting the underprivileged class of the society logo should reflect a warm feeling, use of soft colors with images people easily relate conveys your message to your audience in a much effective way.

A more businesslike approach is required for targeting the elite using sharp colors and images with bold outlook attracts the elites and educated class.

• Appropriate Choice for hospital logo design

Color

Color choice is very important while creating a hospital logo. It should be designed to grab the attention of the audience while giving them a sense of security and trust. Colors play an effective role in conveying what your hospital services stands for, usually red, blue, green or any bright color is used in hospital logo mainly to grab the attention.

Graphic

Most people hold the misconception that a logo should always suggest what a company does. This is not true for instance it is not always necessary to show a dry cleaning machine in a cleaning logo. Hospital logos should show the specialties that you offer, the graphics and symbols used in the logo should convey the sense of comfort and professionalism. Use of relevant medical symbols or images of the areas of specialty like orthopedics or gynecology change the entire look of the logo giving it a feel of geniuses and effectiveness.

Font

Font is yet another important part of your logo design. Using a stylish perky font for a hospital design is appropriate?? Always use a simple straight font that is readable and understandable by all audience.

Like any other business a hospital also has its own personality but most often we see almost similar logos presenting different hospitals using identical images, fonts and colors.

The most important thing for a hospital is to build trust and reliability among the audience therefore hospital logos should be designed while keeping in the mind the individuality, trust, responsibility as well as it should be compelling.

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Three Good Hospitals in Baku

The Republic of Azerbaijan is one of the previous constituent republics that made up the United Soviet Socialist Republic or the USSR. The country is located in Transcaucasia, on the shores of the Caspian Sea. It has Russia, Georgia, Armenia and Iran, as its neighbors. Azerbaijan underwent a lot of political assaults and disputes. However, as of late, it has come out of its past and is gradually developing an independent economy, by banking on its oil and gas resources. The healthcare industry is not very well developed, but it has come a long way from the past.

The country has Baku as its capital city. Baku is a top tourist spot and draws huge numbers of visitors, from all corners of the world. The medical facilities are among the best available in all of Azerbaijan. There are both public hospitals as well as privately run clinics in Baku. The public hospitals house ample beds but suffer from lack of adequate practitioners or related staff. However, for basic treatment tourists can seek the aid of these public hospitals.

The private clinics are a better option for more specialized treatment and complications. These clinics along with few international hospitals offer up to date, quality treatment to their visitors. There are separate wards for accidents and emergencies as well. The doctors are well qualified. The hospitals have labs attached that give accurate test results. The nurses are well trained and extremely caring as well. The hospitals have a sufficient number of beds. However, patients are recommended to bring their own basic toiletries as Baku clinics often fall short in that area.

Language seems to be the main concern of foreign patients of Baku hospitals. As of late it has been observed that many Baku doctor are comfortable conversing with their patients in English. It is, however, always safe to get in touch with your respective embassies, in order to obtain a list of doctors who speak your language.

The most popular hospitals and clinics among tourists visiting Baku are Western Medical, Turkish-American Medical Centre, Oil Workers Hospital, Mediclub Centre, Mediclub Paedriatic, German Medical Hospital, and Central Clinical Hospital.

MediClub Centre:

More than a traditional Hospital, the MediClub Centre can be branded as a complete medical assistance organization. Tourists can receive excellent treatment at MediClub Centre. The doctors and staff are very conversant in English, the wards are clean and there are specialized departments to treat various types of illnesses. The food served at this center is of great quality and the help lines to the clinics are open round the clock. The ambulance service is very active and will be able to provide emergency transportation easily. The doctors and nurses take proper care to ensure the satisfaction of all of their patients. All that expats need to receive care from this center is a card that allows them to access the quality services on offer by the MediClub group.

German Medical Hospital:

Set up under German authority, the German Medical hospital is one of the leading medical service providers in Baku. The staff members are well qualified and trained in the western methods of medicine. The facilities are up to date as is the equipment which is state of art. Tourists may also come across staff who possess a working knowledge of English.

Turkish-American Medical Centre:

Dating back to 1998, the Turkish-American Medical Centre is one of the most modernized medical centers that caters to tourists and residents alike. The treatment methods, labs and facilities are all at the latest standards. The staff and doctors are committed and well qualified. The hospital has departments for almost all aspects of medicine and diseases.

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Jerusalem’s Best Hospitals

Jerusalem, the capital of Israel, lies in the Judean Mountains nestled between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea. Together with East Jerusalem it forms the largest city of the country. It is a great tourist attraction for religious and cultural reasons.

Bikur Cholim Hospital is situated in the heart of the city at the junction of Strauss and Hanevi’im, Jerusalem, 492. It was set up in 1826 and over the years it has emerged as one of the largest and most important hospitals of Israel. The branches of medicine for which the hospital offers treatment are surgery, pediatrics, ENT, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, nephrology, neurology and urology. The hospital also has an Alternative Medicine Clinic, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Baby Welfare Clinic and a Women’s Clinic. The emergency department at the hospital offers quality services to its patients and is also the largest emergency department in Israel.

The Shaare Zedek Medical Center located at Jaffa Road is a century old hospital that provides high quality medical care. The hospital started as a modest healthcare center with 20 beds and is now a modern hospital with state of art infrastructure. It is a multidisciplinary hospital of international repute which specializes in the following fields: cardiology, cardiothoracic surgery, women’s health, medical genetics, neonatology, pediatric neurology, oncology and palliative medicine, laparoscopic surgery and Gaucher’s Disease. The Emergency Department at the hospital is well equipped and this department includes the Kennedy Leigh Trauma & Resuscitation.

The ALYN Pediatric and Adolescent Rehabilitation Center was set up as a voluntary organization by Dr. Henry Keller, an American orthopedist in 1932.  The multidisciplinary hospital is dedicated to providing modern and advanced care to children. The hospital provides an array of medical and paramedical services that include physiotherapy, speech therapy, rehabilitation, cerebral palsy, acquired brain damage, respiratory disorders, and psychosocial problems. It is also is the leading pediatric orthopedic clinic in the country treating both simple and highly complex cases. 

The St John of Jerusalem Eye Hospital Group is part of the Foundation of The Order of St John which is the oldest charity in the world. This hospital is known for its high level of services and specialization in eye related ailments throughout the West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem. The hospital has an ISO accreditation and is staffed by well trained doctors and paramedical staff from within the country and from offshore countries as well. This modern hospital runs a 24 hours emergency room and also runs an outpatient department and treats patients regardless of their ability to pay. The hospital specializes in Retinal, Corneal and Pediatric services. The address and telephone number for the hospital are; Nashashibi Street, Sheikh Jarrah, Jerusalem 97200; Tel: 00 972 (0)2 5828325    

Hadassah’s Medical Organization has two medical centers at Jerusalem; one is at Ein-Karen and the other is at Mount Scopus. Both the hospitals have a large team of doctors and support staff which makes them ready to deal with all kinds of medical emergencies and routine procedures and care. The Hadassah is known for its proficient services and contemporary infrastructure. Both the centers are multidisciplinary and the medical branches for which they provide services are orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, oncology, rehabilitation, dermatology, E.N.T, endocrinology, hematology, genetics and metabolic disease, bone marrow transplant and psychiatry. The hospitals are also outfitted with Emergency Rooms, Trauma Units, Pain Clinics and Blood Banks. The Emergency Department at Ein-Karen provides comprehensive and quick care to patients for a large range of medical problems and is supported by modern technology. The Mount Scopus Emergency Department receives a large number of patients each year owing to its highly specialized care especially in the neurological and cardiac surgery field.

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Survey Shows US Families Who Can’t Pay Hospital Bills Still High

A study by the The Commonwealth Fund, a private institution in the United States which seeks to promote a better health system, showed that a third of American adults forgo a visit to the hospital because they either have no insurance or a plan that is inadequate for their true needs. Those who seek medical care and pay their hospital bills did not end up any better anyway because they have no money to purchase medicines. Contrast that with some areas in Europe such as United Kingdom and the Netherlands, for example, which boast of just 5-6 percent slippage in the number of patients in population who failed to seek medical care due to insurance concerns.

The same survey showed that one in five adults or about 20% in the US could not pay hospital bills. You know what’s the second developed country in the list? France, with a measly nine percent. The issues don’t stop there because the U.S. also has one of the highest out-of-pocket expenses-meaning the amount patients pay before insurance kicks in-for medical bills in the world, right up there (or to be more specific, right down there) with other third world countries with poor government allocation for health service.

The study compared the health care systems in 11 countries like Canada, Australia, U.K., Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, the Netherlands, Australia, France, U.S. and Germany. The gap between the rich and the poor has more impact on the capacity of the patient to pay hospital bills compared to other countries where the “haves” usually foot the bill for the “have-nots.”

The report result is nothing new, of course, because it only confirms what most of us already knows: there’s a need to reform the U.S. health system.

The study analyzes findings from the Commonwealth Fund 2010 International Health Policy Survey in Eleven Countries, focusing on insurance and access to health care experiences reported by 19,700 adults from Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States. The study reveals widespread disparities by income within the United States. Lower income U.S. adults were far more likely than those with above average incomes to report difficulty with medical bills and timely access to health care.

“We spend far more on health care than any of these countries, but this study highlights pervasive gaps in U.S. health insurance that put families’ health and budgets at risk,” said Commonwealth Fund Senior Vice President Cathy Schoen, lead author of the article. “In fact, the U.S. is the only country in the study where having health insurance doesn’t guarantee you access to health care or financial protection when you’re sick. This is avoidable – other countries have designed their insurance systems to value access and limit out-of-pocket costs.”

A new 11-country survey from The Commonwealth Fund finds that adults in the United States are far more likely than those in 10 other industrialized nations to go without health care because of costs, have trouble paying medical bills, encounter high medical bills even when insured, and have disputes with their insurers or discover insurance wouldn’t pay as they expected. According to the report, the findings highlight the need for Affordable Care Act reforms that will ensure access to health care, protect people from medical debt, and simplify health insurance.

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Giving Birth in Shaarei Zedek Hospital of Jerusalem, Israel

More pregnant women choose to give birth in Shaarei Zedek hospital, Jerusalem, than any other hospital in Israel. They must be doing something mothers like.

In 2012, there were more than 15,000 births in Shaarei Zedek. This figure does not include any births related to their taking over the management of Bikur Cholim hospital in late December 2012.

In 2013, the combined total of the two locations under their management was over 20,000 births! On average, there were 41 births a day in Shaarei Zedek alone, not including Bikur Cholim.

Shaarei Zedek’s magazine reports that the cesarean rate in 2013 was 11%. Professor Samuelov, the director of the department of obstetrics and gynecology, emphasized that “This is one of the lowest cesarean rates in the country, and the reason for it is that Jerusalem is a very supportive environment for normal birth. We provide assistance and ideal treatment for women who desire to give birth normally, and ensure ways to do it safely. We have a lot of experience, and we have the knowledge and ability to prevent cesareans in certain cases. We make it possible to have a normal birth even after two cesareans, for breech presentations and for twins, something that isn’t accepted in most places.”

As Professor Samuelov notes, “Jerusalem is a very supportive environment for normal birth” because many pregnant women in Jerusalem “desire to give birth normally”. Why is this desire stronger and more common in Jerusalem than it is in other parts of the country? Apparently, the reason is that more women in this locality belong to ethnic groups with a high birth rate. Simply, avoiding an unnecessary cesarean is much more important to mothers who intend to have many children than it is to women who don’t, because of the increased rate of complications in subsequent pregnancies for women with a previous cesarean.

Professor Samuelov explains that his department tries hard to keep the cesarean rate down in order to give pregnant women what they want most. In order to do this safely, Shaarei Zedek provides top-quality medical care, including a carefully supervised trial of labor after two cesareans, and breech births in selected cases.

Supplying what women want means that more pregnant women choose to give birth in Shaarei Zedek hospital, which increases its income, since Israel’s National Insurance Institute pays hospitals very well for births. The fact that Shaarei Zedek officially observes the Sabbath also helps the hospital to attract religious women who have a high birth rate. Two out of three pregnant women in Jerusalem choose one of the hospitals under their management, and only one in three choose one of the Hadassah hospitals. Attracting a greater market share of births is what keeps Shaarei Zedek’s finances in good condition, while the two Hadassah hospitals are having great financial difficulties. As a childbearing woman, you are likely to benefit from choosing a hospital that doesn’t have to cut back on services to patients.

The high birth rate itself provides an incentive to the hospital to keep the cesarean rate down, because the more cesareans a women had, the greater the risk of complications in subsequent pregnancies and deliveries, even if they are delivered by repeat cesarean. Obstetricians in Jerusalem have seen more of these complications than doctors in other places because they serve a population with a high birth rate. Providing the option of regular birth after one or two cesareans for women who want large families prevents a lot of risky high-order repeat cesareans, the kind of surgery that doctors in Jerusalem would rather avoid having to perform.

Presumably, the director of obstetrics in Shaarei Zedek terms Jerusalem “a very supportive atmosphere for normal birth” due to the combination of its high birth rate and competition between the local hospitals.

If it is important to you to participate in decision-making, Shaarei Zedek is very amenable to this. On a recent tour of the delivery suite, without being asked, the midwife leading the tour mentioned the importance of involving the mother in decision-making.

Dr. Abulafia, a retired obstetrician who worked in Shaarei Zedek, in an interview for Shaarei Zedek’s magazine, described the differences between the mother’s participation nowadays and in the past: “The involvement of the childbearing woman has changed noticeably. The accessibility of information, the calculators in the internet, the great variety of medical tests and the modern equipment for imaging and surveillance, have all made the mother into a real partner. In the past it was the doctor who knew and understood, and the patient put herself in his hands. Today, pregnant women come to us with a great deal of knowledge, and this obligates the doctor to keep updated in order to be able to answer any question.”

Shaarei Zedek’s magazine also interviewed the head midwife, Chava Chacham. She too addressed the topic of the mother’s participation: “In the course of the pregnancy, the couple is exposed to a lot of information. In many cases, they ask to be participants in planning the course of the birth and make special requests. We advise mothers to share her desires with us when she arrives at the delivery suite so we can coordinate expectations together. Some women are interested in delayed cutting of the umbilical cord, others request not to bathe the baby immediately. We respect every request. Our staff believes in the autonomy of the childbearing woman’s decisions, and we will do whatever is possible to answer her requests openly and in cooperation. As long as the birth proceeds safely and there is no medical problem, the decision is in the hands of the woman giving birth. There are some women interested in an epidural, others prefer that we decide for them. Many women choose to give birth naturally, and in order to help them to carry out their wishes, some of our midwives took continuing education courses in yoga and relaxation – techniques that help reduce both tension and pain.”

What this means for you as a childbearing woman is that on any given shift, there are likely to be some midwives who enjoy supporting natural birth, and you can probably get one if you request this. If you don’t say anything about your preferences, your midwife may presume that you would like her to recommend when she thinks you would benefit from an epidural. The head midwife of Shaarei Tzedek advises you to tell the staff in the examining room what approach you prefer, natural birth or epidural. If you follow her advice, they will be able to assign a midwife who is most appropriate for you. This will enable both you and the midwife will find the experience as rewarding as it can be.

Only 55% of all women giving birth in Shaarei Zedek request an epidural, but 80% of all first-time mothers get an epidural. In comparison, in hospitals in the center of the country, 80 to 90% receive epidural. One of the reasons for the low rate of epidural usage is that Shaarei Zedek serves a population with a high birth rate, meaning a high percentage of the births there are not first births.

Shaarei Zedek has its own nursing school. Of all departments in a hospital, the quality of the nursing staff is most important in the delivery suite, because medical care during normal uncomplicated childbirth is provided by midwives, not doctors. Having a staff of top midwives means a higher likelihood that childbirth will remain normal and uncomplicated.

You can choose to give birth on their birth stool, which makes the birth more modest and faster and may also be more comfortable for you.

Until recently, Sharei Zedek had three maternity wards with 134 beds. In early 2014, they opened a fourth maternity ward in their new building, with an additional 40 beds. The new ward offers full rooming-in, in which the baby is next to his/her mother almost all hours of the day, including at night. Babies in full rooming-in are taken to the newborn nursery for examinations four times a day. Every mother receives instructions how to care for her baby on her own, but if she wants a short break, she can bring him to the nursery. All three pre-existing maternity wards have partial rooming-in.

Shaarei Zedek also moved its neonatal special care unit to the new building in early 2014. The new unit has 70 beds, enough to handle expected growth in the next few years, as well as the most advanced equipment available today, including things that no other hospital in the country has. Although the old unit had only about 35 beds, almost immediately, the new unit began to care for an average of 50 babies at a time! Two reasons could be contributing to this sudden increase: more mothers whose babies were likely to need special care decided to give birth in Shaare Zedek and/or more babies born elsewhere were transferred here to get the best neonatal special care available in Israel, and among the best in the world.

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Types of Underpads Used in Hospitals and Homes

The two primary types of underpad used in hospitals are disposable underpads and washable or reusable underpads. In this article, we will discuss the features of these two types of underpads in more detail. Here, it must be mentioned that although the biggest consumers of these products are hospitals and nursing homes, individuals with bed-ridden patients, disabled or elderly individuals or even those with babies at home can and do use these pads.

The disposable underpads as their name suggests, are meant for one time use. They are available in a range of construction types and sizes. They usually contain a waterproof plastic material for the bottom, a middle layer designed to absorb liquid and a top layer made from a soft and comfortable fabric. The middle layer usually houses multiple layers of tissue to absorb fluids. The topmost layer of these units come in contact with the patient’s body, therefore manufacturers use materials such as cotton that will make patients are comfortable while using their disposable underpads. You will also come across pieces in which the top sheets are made up of tissues or a tear-resistant spun-bond material that allows for movement without fear of ripping the pad.

There are some disposable underpads carrying top sheets attached to the plastic layer at the bottom by means of an adhesive. Then, there are others with two sides rolled and glued to ensure that the liquid comes out only from the side in case the pad overfills. Experts refer to this process as channeling. The pads adopting this process are known to be more absorbent compared to the other underpads available on the market. You can get all these disposable underpads in a range of sizes; so, purchasing pads that match your body, bed or chair size will be simple.

Now, we will be talking about the washable or reusable underpads. These pieces are classified based on factors such as absorbency, materials, and size. The term absorbency refers to the volume of urine or bodily fluid that an underpad is capable of holding. The material used for crafting the absorbent layer is a kind of absorbing polymer.

The quantity of polymer used and the material’s density are two factors that decide how much liquid the underpad is capable of absorbing; basically, the underpad’s urine holding capacity. Here, it must be noted that one should never confuse an underpad’s absorbency level with its size. A pad that’s large in length and width might not absorb the most urine.

After absorbing the urine, reusable underpads need to secure it in a liquid-proof barrier. This is essential to prevent the urine from soaking through the bedding. These liquid proof barriers are made either of urethane or of vinyl. The vinyl structures, although more cost-effective, are not breathable; additionally; they can take a lot of time to fully dry. The urethane structures are more expensive, but don’t have the issues we generally associate with vinyl underpads.

Now, let’s discuss the appropriate size of underpads. When buying an underpad, you must ensure that you have at least 6 to 10 inches around your waist i.e. the target zone. This stands true for both underpad types, disposable and reusable and allows enough coverage to adequately contain fluids. Smaller sized pads are designed for use in chairs and make excellent absorbers in baby cribs or on diaper changing tables. Many hospitals use small pads in bassinets for easy clean up.

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Hospitals in Chiang Mai, Thailand – Medical Tourism

Chiang Mai Ram Hospital

This is the premium private hospital in Chiang Mai, and with the price range to match: but then again, you get what you pay for, though the Ram is not necessarily where you might want to have your check-up or physician appointment if you are a backpacker traveling on a limited budget. The Ram has comprehensive departments: Obstetrics/Gynecology, neurosurgery, pediatrician, dentistry, and all the specialists you would expect to find at any modern hospital. Indeed, Thai doctors tend to come with much better bedside manners and as a rule are friendlier than their western counterparts thanks to the emphasis on hospitality in Thai culture as well as the Ram’s direction as part of the service sector. The staff speak fairly fluent English, usually give prompt, helpful service, and the hospital as a whole is one of the most reputable in the country (overseas patients who come to Thailand for cheaper medical expenses and operations are common). The Chiang Mai Ram is located in the Old City area, near the Central Kad Suan Kaew shopping mall, and boasts a roof that has been built to accommodate emergency helicopter landing. All reputable hotels in the city often have a contract with the Ram and default to them for ambulances and emergencies.

Rajavej Hospital

Located opposite a hotel, the Rajavej Hospital includes highly specialized service clinics, including liver disease clinic, hemorrhoids clinic, digestive system disease, diabetes/thyroid and cholesterol clinic, dermatology, geriatric clinic and a menopause clinic. Their service centers range from cancer to endoscopy, and they have surgeons who specialize in orthopedic surgery, oncology, and plastic surgery. Price range is somewhat less likely to traumatize your wallet, but the Rajavej Hospital’s lobby and waiting area is also considerably less glamorous to look at then the Ram’s.

McCormick Hospital

The McCormick Hospital is one of the few institutions in Chiang Mai and Thailand in general that are run under the umbrella of the Church of Christ, and as such is a Catholic hospital. Being considerably smaller than the Chiang Mai Ram, it accordingly offers rather fewer facilities and department, but the accommodation and nursing fees are also much cheaper, catering to more budget-conscious patients. General health check-ups, cancer check-ups, prenatal and postnatal care, cardiac care unit, and intensive care units are available. The McCormick is located in Wat Ket, on Kaeonawarat Road, close to the Dara Academy.

Lanna Hospital

The Lanna Hospital has been certified with ISO 9000. It offers 180 in-patient beds, and distinguishes itself by hiring staff who not only speak English but also Mandarin and Japanese in addition to, of course, Thai. While like others it offers general care across various health categories (cardiac care, back pain, Obstetrics/Gynecology, et cetera), it specializes in handling emergency cases. It is located on Chnag Klan Road, in the city center, and is one of the hospitals closest to the Night Market area.

All the hospitals listed adhere to ISO standards and are staffed by internationally trained doctors and nurses, many of which graduated from Ivy League schools and top medical universities of England and Switzerland. Combine this with the superior hospitality, cultural disposition toward friendliness, and the relatively low costs, and Chiang Mai easily proves one of the most attractive destinations for medical tourism.

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Kankakee Illinois Hospital Stomping Grounds For Al Capone

Al Capone – also known as one of Chicago’s most notorious gangster chiefs – had a vast number of retreats and vacation spots where he could unplug from his extremely busy life of murder and mayhem and enjoy a little peaceful R & R. These include St. Paul MN, Hot Springs AR, as well as some lesser known hideouts where he could maintain his anonymity such as French Lick IN, Brookfield WI, Olean NY, Lansing MI, Dubuque IA, and Johnson City, TN. But one of Scarface Al’s all-time favorite stomping grounds were much closer to his home, in Kankakee, since Kankakee Illinois hospital was well known to Chicagoans looking for a good time. Kankakee County’s towns had the reputation in the 1920’s and 30’s as being wide open fun spots where anything went.

The Kankakee County motto was “Just an hour from Chicago, but a world apart.” According to Jorie Walters, a researcher at Kankakee County’s Museum, there is not much written documentation of Al Capone’s influence in the area, but everyone knows the real truth. Walters’ information was gathered from books, history columns in the Kankakee Daily Journal Newspaper, oral histories, and from old museum files. She says that some of the local dives which were owned or frequented by Scarface Al include Bradley Illinois’ Hawaii Motel; a safe house in L’Erable on the Iroquois River which was extremely well fortified against unexpected and unwanted visitors; Nel Clark’s, a brothel in Kankakee which is now called the City Tavern; The Sahara Restaurant on Kankakee’s Fifth Avenue; and the Radeke Brewery, also in Kankakee, which was secretly owned by Al Capone in the 1920’s and 30’s. Kankakee was also the hometown of Fred Burke’s moll. Burke was Capone’s leading enforcer who planned and executed the St. Valentine’s Day massacre in 1929 against Bugs Moran’s gang.

Another of Scarface Al’s favorite hangouts was the Miami Gardens near Peotone Illinois hospital, which was both a bar and brothel in Prohibition Days and is called Edwin’s bar now. Scarface Al had the reputation of being the foremost sampler of the wares he purveyed in his brothels. The Miami Gardens had high, ornate ceilings made of tin, and there was a secret garage with room for twenty automobiles in the basement of the building which is scarred with bullet holes in its walls. It is rumored that gangland executions were carried out in this hidden garage. Another favored hangout was Club 54 Restaurant near the Manteno Illinois hospital (just south of Manteno where Governor’s Highway meets 500E). This restaurant was actually a brothel.

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Hospital Inventory Management: Best Practices for Managing Inventory Levels

When dealing with supplies and inventory in hospitals, there are many different practices which management may decide to use to keep track and keep inventory levels on supplies up to date. Which methods and which practices are used in each hospital will depend on: management decisions, the size of the hospital and the amount of inventory which it usually keeps on hand, the type of inventory management which staff has been trained on and is used to dealing with, and whatever other practices which the hospital and management staff believe are in the best interest of the hospital.

Some of the best practices in hospital inventory management are similar to the kinds of methodologies which are used in the production materials management industry. These practices in hospital inventory management generate the same cost reduction and improvements in service levels which are typically seen in the manufacturing industry. In the past hospitals were only interested in managing the material; Today, however, managers and staff are also looking to manage expenses, materials, and the human capital involved to measure inventory levels.

To best manage inventory levels hospitals have to consider the dollars and cents, not just the level of materials they have on hand. Because it is a hospital, and you can never tell what patients will need, it is better to keep higher stock of material just in case it is needed. Many organizations do not analyze the right place for inventory to be kept, how much it costs to keep it, and how much is really required. To properly manage the inventory, all these considerations need to be taken.

Hospitals must also take into consideration the cost of materials, not just the actual price tag. The costs in procuring materials including, ordering and shipping costs, are critical for managers to be able to truly calculate the inventory on hand. Setting up integrated policies for staff to follow is another key. Using centralized ordering systems will help to keep the inventory levels under control. These policies on ordering limits and times, will keep all staff aware of what is on hand, and what will be needed next time ordering dates come around.

To maintain the best inventory system in hospitals, all aspects from actual amount in stock, to costs involved in storing inventory, to shipping costs need to be considered. For the best practices set policies on ordering, minimum levels to be kept, and all inventory and costs for the entire hospital staff.

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